Artichokes in Oregon? That doesn’t sound right, but indeed it is. These artichokes are grown just outside of Eugene at Groundwork Organics, and represent a minority category of American artichokes grown outside of Southern California. The U.S is the world’s 9th largest global producer of artichokes, behind Mediterranean states like Spain, Northern Egypt, and Italy. Just about 100% of domestically grown commercial artichokes come from America’s own Chaparral climate in California’s agrarian basins. 80% of that yield is found solely in Monterey County, one of the southernmost regions in the state. So, finding regional varieties here in Oregon is a rarity, and it represents the nuanced capacity of diversified small farms.
Despite my preconceptions, I just learned that artichokes are, in fact, incredibly healthy. They are packed with plant compounds that contribute to a number of medicinal benefits. First, they are very high in antioxidants, more than most any other plant. This is thanks to the presence of bioacive compounds lutolin and apigenin, which help prevent cellular oxidation from free radical molecules. It is good that artichokes are difficult to eat raw, because the bioavailability of these compounds actually increases as the plant tissue softens from cooking. A journal of medicine, the National Center for Biotechnology Information, published a reseach study that concluded that steaming artichokes increased the antioxidant capacity 15-fold, boiling increasing up to 8-fold. Now, I don’t know about you, but I want to eat something that gets better through cooking. Aside from antioxidants, artichokes are high in phenolic compounds, which are known to help lower bad cholesterol and help fight cancerous cell mutation. Its cultivation from wild thistle to a staple food crop was a project of the Greeks, Romans and Spanish Moors. Maybe this is why some of history’s grandest empires arose from the Mediterranean coast. All hail the Ceasar of superfood!
For those who have not roasted, baked or stewed their artichokes from this past week, here is a recipe to get you jump started. It has been a grey, rainy day, reminiscent of late fall. So, to combine the feeling of Fall with the palate of Spring, here is a recipe for a hearty Artichoke soup. This was pulled from an online food blog called Shutterbean, so I make not claim to be the originator, but I certainly did enjoy it! I will say, this recipe combined perfectly with some roasted carrots from Radicle Roots.
- 2 lbs. artichoke hearts, roughly chopped
- 4 tablespoons unsalted butter
- 2 cups chicken broth
- 3 cloves garlic, finely chopped
- Kosher salt and freshly ground pepper to taste
- 1⁄3 cup cornstarch
- 1 cup heavy cream
- 1 tbsp. finely chopped parsley
- 1 lemon, cut into 6 wedges
- chopped parsley, for serving
- warm sourdough bread, for serving
Working in batches, purée 2 cups artichoke hearts with 2 cups water in a blender. Transfer puréed artichokes to a 6-qt. pot with the butter, chicken broth, garlic, and salt and pepper. Bring to a boil, reduce heat to medium-low, and simmer stirring occasionally, for 1 hour.
In a small jar or bowl, whisk together cornstarch with 1⁄2 cup cold water. Vigorously whisk cornstarch mixture and heavy cream into soup. Raise heat to medium-high and cook, whisking frequently, until slightly thickened, about 10 minutes. Strain soup through a mesh strainer into a clean pot over low heat; discard solids. Ladle soup into 6 bowls, garnish with parsley, and squeeze a lemon wedge over each. Serve with warm sourdough bread.
The recipe for the carrots is Moroccan Roasted Carrots with a Dukkah spice and yogurt sauce. The Moroccan Carrots require more complex ingredients than I traditionally aim for, so I pieced my Dukkah together with what I had available. Cook what works for you!
- 8 Large Carrots, scrubbed (Radicle Roots)
- 4 Tbs. olive oil
- 4 garlic cloves, crushed (Groundwork Organics)
- 1 ½ tsp. sweet paprika
- ½ tsp. cumin
- ¼ tsp. hot paprika
- ½ tsp salt
For the Dukkah
- ¼ cup slivered almonds
- 2 Tbsp. sunflower seeds
- 1 tsp. sesame seeds
- ½ tsp. mixed peppercorns (or just black pepper
- ¼ tsp. fennel seeds
- ¾ tsp coarse salt or Maldon salt
For the Yogurt Sauce
- 1/3 cup plain greek yogurt, or plain whole milk yogurt (Flying Cow Dairy)
- 1 Tbsp lemon juice
- 2 Tbsp. finely chopped mint (Sagestruck herbary)
- 1 ½ tsp. chopped dill
- ¼ tsp salt
- 3-5 tsp. water (for consistency
For the carrots:
1. Pre-heat oven to 400˚ F
2. Place carrots, olive oil, garlic, spices, and salt in a roasting pan and toss until the carrots are coated well.
3. Roast for 45 minutes until soft in the middle and caramelized on the outside. Turn carrots halfway through roasting time.
For the dukkah:
1. Toast almonds on a sheet pan for 3-4 minutes. You can do this in the oven while the carrots are roasting. Keep an eye on them so that they don’t burn.
2. In a small pan over medium heat, toast the sunflower seeds for 1-2 minutes and set aside.
3. In that same pan over medium heat, toast the fennel seeds and peppercorns for about 30-45 seconds until fragrant. Set aside.
4. Do the same with the sesame seeds for 45 seconds. Set aside.
5. Using a pestle and mortar, first crush the fennel seeds and peppercorns. Add the almonds and crush into small pieces. Then add the sunflower seeds and crush again. Lastly mix in the salt and sesame seeds. This can be made ahead and stored in an air-tight container for up to 3 weeks.
For the yogurt sauce:
1. Mix all ingredients together in a small bowl. The sauce should be runny but not too watery. Add more water if too thick or more yogurt if too thin. Taste for seasoning.
You can keep the carrots in the roasting dish for a rustic look, or plate them on a serving dish. Drizzle the yogurt sauce over top, sprinkle with sumac (optional), and garnish with a good amount of dukkah. You can serve the extra yogurt sauce on the side.
I do feel like I have slighted you by not using my own pictures for this blog, as the images above are from the blog writers of “Shutterbean”, for the soup, and “I Will not East Oysters” for the carrots. Kudos to their hard work! I will try to get my own shots up later.